Friday, November 21, 2014

Conference: “Hizmet: Toward an Understanding of the Gülen Movement” December 13, 2014 Indiana University


Indiana University, Ottoman and Modern Turkish Studies Chair Presents a Conference on

“Hizmet: Toward an Understanding of the Gülen Movement”

Free and Open to the Public

Saturday, December 13, 2014
Indiana University, Bloomington
Conference: IMU, State Room East
Film Screening: TV251

9:00 a.m.— 9:15 a.m.     Opening Remarks by Kemal Silay

9:15 a.m.—10:00 a.m.     “Hizmet as a Contemporary Muslim Spiritual Renewal and Social Reform Movement” by Scott Alexander

10:00 a.m.—10:45 a.m.    “The Challenge of Over-Politicization and Strategies of De-Politicization for Hizmet: An Insider’s View” by Kerim Balcı

10:45 a.m.—11:15 a.m.    Break

11:15 a.m.—12:00 p.m.     “Peace-building as Spiritual Practice: ‘Deep Peace’ in the Life of Fethullah Gülen” by Jon Paul

12:00 p.m.—12:45 p.m.  Hizmet: Healing through Value-Based Technocratic Service in a Polarized World” by Ahmed Rehab

12:45 p.m.—1:45 p.m.    Break

1:45 p.m.—2:30 p.m.      “How Hizmet Contributes to the Local and Global Peace” by Ori Soltes

2:30 p.m.—3:15 p.m.      “Current and Future Challenges of Hizmet” by Alp Aslandoğan

3:15 p.m.—3:45 p.m.      Break

3:45 p.m.—4:45 p.m.     Round Table: “Current Hizmet-Related Issues in Turkey”                                         Discussant: Scott Alexander

4:45 p.m.—5:00 p.m.     Closing Remarks

7:30 p.m.—9:30 p.m.     Film Screening: Love is a Verb

Hotel Information:

Indiana Memorial Union (IMU) Biddle Hotel and Conference Center
900 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405
1-800-209-8145

If you would like to stay in this hotel, please call the number above for reservations.

Checking in 12/12/14
Checking out 12/14/14
Standard Room with 1 bed at $112.50 per night plus tax
Standard Room with 2 beds at $161.10 per night plus tax
You need to make your reservations no later than Sunday, November 30.
Block Code: GHULAM

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Book Review: ‘Migration and Turkey: Changing Human Geography

‘Migration and Turkey: Changing Human Geography,’ By Deniz Şenol Sert and Deniz Karcı Korfalı (eds.) and ‘Migration To And From Turkey: Changing Patterns And Shifting Policies,’ 
By Ayşem Biriz Karaçay and Ayşen Üstübici 

Turkish Review - 01 September 2014

SEDEF ERDOĞAN GIOVANELLI, ÖZYEĞIN UNIVERSITY, İSTANBUL

Literature on migration continues to grow in relevance as global social, political and economic developments keep the topic high on the international agenda. The volumes “Migration and Turkey: Changing Human Geography” and “Migration To And From Turkey: Changing Patterns And Shifting Policies” look at migration with a particular focus on internal and international migration to Turkey. These edited, multi-author volumes offer significant potential for integration of the study of internal and international migration as a cohesive and combined system, rather than studied in isolation. While the editors of the first book expresses the aim of the volume as being “to examine the diverse aspects of human mobility of Turkey and beyond with the aim of locating various types of migration within a single framework of migration,” the second book deals more with the politics of migration in and beyond Turkey.
The first book, “Migration and Turkey: Changing Human Geography,” is introduced under the two subheadings of internal and international migration, and compiles seven research reports by scholars from various disciplines. In the first chapter of the book’s first section, “Rural-to-Urban Migration in Turkey during the Past Thirty-Five Years: 1965-2000,” Ayşe Gedik reviews shifts in Turkey’s human geography, as the population migrates from villages to cities, noting urban population growth and urbanization. Detailed and descriptive analyses, supported by spatial statistics and mapping, are utilized to describe the past 35 years of internal migration in Turkey. In other chapters, Utku Balaban’s research focuses on migrants’ contemporary industrial relations as a result of internal migration, while Ayşe Seda Yüksel looks at how different trajectories of cities under neo-liberal policies account for the variation in the modes of incorporation of migrant settlement. As seen with other authors of the book, Yüksel also tries to raise the possibility of whether the same analyses could apply to Turkish migrant entrepreneurs working abroad.

READ MORE..... 

No laughing matter: Women and the new populism in Turkey

Deniz Kandiyoti

Open Democracy - 1 September 2014

Stirring up moral anxieties over women's conduct and propriety is key to a populist discourse that pits a virtuous “us”- the people- against an immoral “them”. But despite its potential for authoritarian control of gender relations, this new populism holds many attractions for women.
When Turkey's deputy PM,  Bülent Arinc, declared during a public address marking the Bayram festivities at the end of Ramadan  that women should refrain from laughing in public and must remain chaste (iffetli) at all times he created a furore in both the local and international media. Some women protested by posting  pictures of themselves laughing out loud, using a combination of ridicule and non-compliance as a form of resistance. The deputy PM proceeded to compound matters when he added , in reaction to the media storm he stirred up, that those he deplored were “women who go on holiday without their husbands” and  those “who cannot resist climbing a pole when they see one”. This oblique reference to pole dancing, a decidedly marginal phenomenon in Turkey, must have proved irresistible in terms of its potential for sexual innuendo and the opportunity to project immorality and dissolute living onto certain sections of the citizenry.

READ MORE.....

A New Turkish Movie: Unutursam Fısılda (If I forget, Whisper) 2014 - Trailer


Monday, November 17, 2014

Understanding the Turkish press

Adam McConnel

Serbestiyet - 27 Ekim 2014
What is a newspaper reporter? In the first place he is the representative of the periodical press; and as a representative of the press (the sixth continent of the world) he receives five kopecks per line, or seven, or ten, sometimes fifteen or twenty, as he conveys in his lines everything that has happened and much that has not. If you were to put together the newspaper lines of any representative of the press, then the single line compiled from all the lines would encircle the entire globe with what has happened and what has happened and what has not. Such are the venerable qualities of the majority of contributors to extreme right-wing, right-wing, centre, moderate liberal, and finally revolutionary newspapers, together with the calculation of their quantity and quality…”
Petersburg, Ch. 2, “The Chronicle of Events,” Andrei Bely

Hand-wringing over the dire oppression that the Turkish press is subject to has been a constant feature of international press coverage of Turkey for seven or eight years now. After the recent kerfuffles that some international publications have gotten caught up in over their Turkish coverage, one might have experienced heightened curiosity about exactly what the Turkish Fourth Estate’s condition is. Unfortunately for those of you experiencing angst over Turkish journalism’s plight, the reality is that an objective, professional, and trustable Turkish press does not exist. That’s right; the idea of an objective Turkish press is a myth, a fantasy, and in the realm of unicorns and leprechauns.
Sorry to disappoint you though:  the absence of an objective Turkish press has little to do with any “oppression” coming from the AKP (Justice and Development Party) government. True enough, Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan has apparently put pressure on some newspapers or journalists, and gotten some people fired, which was obviously not the right thing to do. But how does that justify claims of “creeping dictatorship”?
In fact, the Turkish press is not under threat from the government, and is not censored. Just the opposite: the Turkish press is a daily anarchic knock-down, drag-out free-for-all. Literally. There are dozens of Turkish dailies, both national and local, and more than 200 TV channels. There are no apparent ethical or professional standards. Stories are created to suit the political tastes of the backers for any particular press outlet. If no sufficient rumors or stories exist, they are created, and in order to damage whoever the perceived enemies are. Nearly everyone owes allegiance (and their jobs) to someone. The journalistic unions are a joke, compromised by either ties to the state/military or to rigid leftist ideology. One prominent Turkish journalists’ group, the Gazeteciler ve Yazarlar Vakfı (the Journalists’ and Writers’ Foundation, sponsors of the Abant Platform) is directly linked to Fethullah Gülen. For decades, the “secular” newspapers have featured scantily clad women on their back page. And every newspaper, TV channel, and (almost all – there are a few exceptions) media figure can be neatly identified as either pro- or anti-AKP.

READ MORE....

Sunday, November 16, 2014

Call for papers: Turkey and Turkish Studies Conference Athens Greece

The Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER), a world association of academics and researchers, organizes its  2nd International Conference on Turkey and Turkish Studies, 29-30 June & 1-2 July 2015, Athens, Greece. Please submit a 300-word abstract before 1 December 2014, by email (atiner (at) atiner.com), addressed to Dr. Mert Uydaci, Director, Human Development Research Division, ATINER & Professor, Marmara University, Turkey.  Please include: Title of Paper, Full Name (s), Current Position, Institutional Affiliation, an email address and at least 3 keywords that best describe the subject of your submission. Decisions will be reached within four weeks of your submission.

Should you wish to participate in the Conference without presenting a paper, for example, to chair a session, to evaluate papers which are to be included in the conference proceedings or books, to contribute to the editing of a book, or any other contribution, please send an email to Dr. Gregory T. Papanikos, President, ATINER & Honorary Professor, University of Stirling, UK (gregory.papanikos (at) stir.ac.uk).

Two views on…Education: With Neşe Özgen and M. Alper Dinçer

Turkish Review - 01 September 2014, Monday 
YONCA POYRAZ DOĞAN, STAFF WRITER

Sociologist Neşe Özgen, a member of the International Work Group’s (GIT), the  International Human Rights Network of Academies and Scholarly Societies (IHRNASS), and Sociologists Without Borders (SSF), and Dr. M. Alper Dinçer, research coordinator at the Education Reform Initiative (ERG) in İstanbul, speak to Yonca Poyraz Doğan about the different problems faced in Turkey’s education system, from academic freedom to the quality of education itself   

Turkish Review: In June, the ruling party submitted a draft bill to Parliament regarding reforms to the Higher Education Board (YÖK). The draft bill has been highly criticized by academics. What are the main points of contention? And when YÖK reform was on the agenda a few years ago, there was talk about dissolving the board. Now, the reforms seek to strengthen it. How would you explain this contradiction? 

Neşe Özgen: Each government that promised to remove YÖK -- as one of the constitutional institutions of the Sept. 12 [1980] coup d’état -- did the opposite and strengthened that institution. This situation would be better explained if we realize that this is due to the new middle class’s fears of academia and science, rather than the government’s wish to control education and academia. This new middle class, which has had a long adventure that started with the [Islamic scholar Fethullah] Gülen community’s efforts to bring Anatolian capital and business capital together around the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), doesn’t really owe its rise to the power of science and academia. On the contrary, this new, emerging conservative middle class does not want universities, which will always be critical of it or the new face of the government. The government, meanwhile, wants to shape universities and academia in its desired direction though orders and commands. Here is the issue: YÖK has been useful for every government since the military coup d’état. It [YÖK] has ended up under the control of the government every time. Now, both the Gülen movement and the AK Party would like to seize this lever, because they think that education and academia are still important tools in shaping the next generation. 

TR: Do you expect the new YÖK Law to damage academic freedom? 

NÖ: The law’s biggest problem is that the administration of the universities will be based on free market principles. On the one hand, the YÖK system reinforces itself, and on the other, it legitimizes the university as a commercial institution. For example, entities like corporations, foundations, etc. will be able to establish institutions within universities, but it will be essential that they generate money and provide the universities with income. If you ask me why this is bad, my explanation is this: Universities are public institutions; they don’t belong to the state. Their institutional capacities are improved and supported by public funds. In other words: Education and science are public services; they cannot be evaluated based on their earning capacity, let alone based on their profitability.

READ MORE.....

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Imperialism

Anti-Imperialistic Ideas in Mustafa Kemal's Writing and Their Importance for Asia 
Turkkaya Ataov
Siyasal Bilgiler Fakultesi 
Ankara Universitesi 
Turkish Yearbook, Vol. 15
The Russian version of this talk was read by Turkkaya Atatov at the UNESCO international conference at Ashkabad, Turkmenistan, S.S.R. in September 1972. 

Ataturk and Imperialism (in Turkish)
T.C. Basbakanlik
Ataturk Kultur, Dil ve Tarih Yuksek Kurumu
Ataturk Arastirma Merkezi
Sayi: 57

Turkish Historical Review - Issue 2 - Volume 5, Issue 2, 2014

Monday, November 10, 2014

Duke/UNC Position in Turkish


The Slavic & Eurasian Studies Department at Duke University (Durham, NC) and the Asian Studies Department at the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill, NC) invite applications for a three-year renewable lecturer position (non-tenure track) in Turkish Language and Culture to begin in July 2015. The teaching load is 3/3 and primary duties include teaching first-year Turkish at both campuses as well as a second-year course that is shared between campuses (connected by a shuttle bus). Additionally, the candidate will assist in program building that includes community outreach and campus organization of Turkish activities. The requirements are a Ph.D. (those who are A.B.D. will be considered) related to the field of Turkish Studies. The ideal candidate will have native or near-native proficiency in Turkish and facility with approaches to teaching language in context. With approval, the candidate will also have the opportunity to teach content courses in his/her field of specialization and to participate in the summer Duke in Turkey study abroad program at Boaziçi University. Pending funding, the possibility exists for renewal and/or regularization of the position.
The applications should include a cover letter, CV, article-length writing sample, three letters of recommendation, and a teaching portfolio that includes sample syllabi, a statement of teaching philosophy/language pedagogy and representative student evaluations. Facility with and interest in developing online and distance learning materials is desired. Submit complete file and recommendations electronically to: duke-turkish (at) duke.edu. Completed applications received by January 5, 2015 will be guaranteed consideration.
Duke University is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer committed to providing employment opportunity without regard to an individual's age, color, disability, genetic information, gender, gender identity, national origin, race, religion, sexual orientation, or veteran status.

Thursday, November 6, 2014

An Opportunity for Students of Turkish

The Arizona State University Critical Languages Institute is accepting applications for its 2015 summer language programs in the U.S. and abroad. CLI offers intensive courses in Russian and in East European, Mediterranean, and Central Asian languages, either in the U.S., overseas, or in integrated "combination" courses that include both U.S. and overseas components.

Students selected for CLI pay a flat fee of $960 for up to 13 semester credits, plus study-abroad fees if they opt to join an overseas program.

Scholarships are available for undergraduate students, graduate students, and non-students. ROTC Project GO funding is available for selected languages.

Funding and priority admission deadline is January 30, 2015.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
THE ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY CRITICAL LANGUAGES INSTITUTE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMBINATION COURSES: STUDY AT ASU, THEN ABROAD: 

2 months intensive study at ASU with optional 1 month study in country, for 8-13 academic credits.

-   Albanian (ASU + Tirana)
-   Armenian (ASU + Yerevan)
-   Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (ASU + Sarajevo)
-   Modern Hebrew (ASU only)
-   Macedonian (ASU only)
-   Persian (ASU + Samarqand)
-   Polish (ASU + Poznan)
-   Russian (ASU + Kazan, Bishkek, or St. Petersburg)
-   Turkish (ASU + Izmir)
-   Uzbek (ASU + Samarqand)

Sessions at ASU include daily co-curricular programming, grant mentoring and career planning opportunities.

Sessions abroad feature academically challenging study, extensive co-curricular programming, integrated into academic coursework and conducted in 1-on-1 or small-group format by local language coaches.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OVERSEAS PROGRAMS: SPEND THE SUMMER ABROAD

2-month intensive programs providing 8-10 academic credits
-  Armenian (Yerevan) 3rd-year and up
-  Russian (Kazan, Bishkek) 2nd-4th-year
-  Russian (St. Petersburg) 5th-6th-year
-  Tatar (Kazan) 1st-2nd-year

Programs feature homestays, extensive co-curricular programming, integrated into academic coursework and conducted in 1-on-1 or small-group format by local language coaches, and internships at the 5th-year level and up.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
APPLICATION DEADLINE: JANUARY 30, 2015
APPLICATION AND FULL DETAILS:  (http://cli.asu.edu)

Emily Hopkins
Arizona State University
Critical Languages Institute
http://cli.asu.edu
(480) 965-4188

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

Biography of Ataturk (english)


A New Book: Gaining Freedoms Claiming Space in Istanbul and Berlin

Gaining Freedoms Claiming Space in Istanbul and Berlin

Berna Turam

Stanford University PressMarch 2015

Gaining Freedoms reveals a new locus for global political change: everyday urban contestation. Cities are often assumed hotbeds of socio-economic division, but this assessment overlooks the importance of urban space and the everyday activities of urban life for empowerment, emancipation, and democratization. Through proximity, neighborhoods, streets, and squares can create unconventional power contestations over lifestyle and consumption. And through struggle, negotiation, and cooperation, competing claims across groups can become platforms to defend freedom and rights from government encroachments.
Drawing on more than seven years of fieldwork in three contested urban sites—a downtown neighborhood and a university campus in Istanbul, and a Turkish neighborhood in Berlin—Berna Turam shows how democratic contestation echoes through urban space. Countering common assumptions that Turkey is strongly polarized between Islamists and secularists, she illustrates how contested urban space encourages creative politics, the kind of politics that advance rights, expression, and representation shared between pious and secular groups. Exceptional moments of protest, like the recent Gezi protests which bookend this study, offer clear external signs of upheaval and disruption, but it is the everyday contestation and interaction that forge alliances and inspire change. Ultimately, Turam argues that the process of democratization is not the reduction of conflict, but rather the capacity to form new alliances out of conflict.

Monday, October 20, 2014

A New Book: Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey Hegemony Through Transformation

Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey Hegemony Through Transformation

E. Fuat Keyman and Sebnem Gumuscu

PALGRAVE - May 2014

The recent history of Turkey is dominated by the country's transformation into a modern democracy. Over the past few years Turkey has been increasingly recognised as a nation of economic, political and cultural significance as well as being a vital political connection between Europe and the Middle East. In this compelling volume, Professor Keyman and Dr. Gumüsçu put democratisation in Turkey under the microscope with an especial focus on recent transformations under the Justice and Development Party (AKP). Accordingly, it explores to what extent Turkey's transformation under the AKP has led to democratic consolidation as well as asking if there is a disconnect between economic, cultural, and urban transformation, on the one hand, and democratic consolidation on the other? Furthermore, this book also takes the opportunity to explore several issues that have a direct effect on the consolidation of Turkish democracy such as globalization, foreign policy activism, the kurdish question, religious governance and civil society. By critically analyzing the dialectic between domestic transformations and global/regional dynamics, the book also discusses the ways in which Turkish transformation is affected by the Arab uprisings as well as how Turkey may inspire these countries.

Table of Contents 
1. Introduction
2. Turkey's Transformation
3. Constructing Hegemony: the AKP Rule
4. AKP's Hegemony and Democratic Consolidation
5. Turkey's Proactive Foreign Policy under the AKP
6. Turkish Foreign Policy in the aftermath of the Arab Uprisings
7. The AKP, Arab Uprisings and the Kurdish Question
8. Secularism, Democracy and Identity
9. Civil Society and Democratic Consolidation
10. Conclusion: Turkey at the Crossroads: Democratization through the Strong EU Anchor

READ MORE.....

Saturday, October 18, 2014

Call for Papers - Modern Turkey (Edited Book Project)

Dear Colleagues,

Let us present you a new book project: Modern Turkey: Opportunities and Challenges. We invite you to become a contributor to this book which will be published by the Anahuac University (Mexico City). The book will consist of both original articles and recently published (not earlier than 2012) analyzing the main tendencies and conflicting points of Turkey.

The preliminary suggested content of the book is as follows:
  • Modern History of Turkey
  • Polical and Economic Development of Turkey
  • Economic factors
  • Regional Cooperation/Confrontation (EU, Israel, Middle East, Balkans, Africa, Latin-American)
  • International Role
  • Islam in Turkey
  • Gezi Park movement
  • Environmental development
  • Gender Studies
  • Armenian-Turkey relations
  • Kurds in Turkey
  • Turkey´s roll in Syria
  • Gülen Movement in Turkey
The deadline for abstracts submission of the original article and of the full texts of the already published to be considered is the 12th of November 2014. You will be notified on the chapter acceptance by the 20th November 2014.

The deadline for the full original article is the 1th of February 2015.

After this all articles will be translated to Spanish by the Universidad Anahuac translators.

Technical requirements:

Both abstracts and full articles should be sent in English. Abstract: 300 words. Full article: 4000 words. Harvard reference style.

If you have any questions, please, do not hesitate to contact us.

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Watchtower of Turkey Leonardo Dalessandri

Over than 3500 km traveled in 20 days, capturing landscapes from the bluish tones of Pamukkale to the warm ones of Cappadocia, the all passing by a great variation of colors, lights and weathers through six other cities.

video

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Pakistan’s Lessons for Turkey

By MICHAEL M. TANCHUM and HALIL M. KARAVELI

The New York Times - OCT. 5, 2014

Last week, Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, declared that Turkey is ready “for any cooperation in the fight against terrorism.” Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu argued that Islamic State militants pose a greater threat to Turkey and the Muslim world than to the West.
But Turkey’s dilemma is far more grave than its leaders realize. Indeed, Turkey’s current situation resembles the early years of Pakistan’s sponsorship of the Taliban. The Islamic State is recruiting militants in Turkey. And failure to clean its own house now could lead Turkey down the path of “Pakistanization,” whereby a resident jihadist infrastructure causes Sunni extremism to ingrain itself deeply within the fabric of society.
Although Turkey now recognizes the threat — the Turkish government voted to authorize military force in Iraq and Syria on Thursday — it has yet to come to terms with its own responsibility for helping to create it.

READ MORE....

Saturday, October 4, 2014

Turkey's President Demands Biden Apologize Over Comments About ISIS

Brett LoGiurato     

Business Insider - Oct. 4, 2014 

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has demanded an apology from US Vice President Joe Biden after the latter made comments Erdogan said were untrue.  Speaking at Harvard University on Thursday, Biden told students Erdogan — whom he referred to as an "old friend" — admitted to him that his country had erred in allowing foreign terrorist fighters an easy route to pass in and out of Syria.  "President Erdogan told me — he’s an old friend — he said, ‘You’re right. We let too many people through.’ Now, they’re trying to seal their border," Biden said.   Erdogan said he never made such an admission to Biden, and he said Biden would be "history for me" if he does not apologize.  "I have never said to him that we had made a mistake, never. If he did say this at Harvard then he has to apologize to us," Erdogan said, according to The Associated Press. 

READ MORE.....

Vice President Biden to Deliver Remarks on Foreign Policy at Harvard University

Date: Thursday, October 02, 2014 
Time: 6:00pm
Speaker: Joe Biden 

On Thursday, October 2, 2014, the 47th Vice President of the United States, Joseph R. Biden Jr., delivered a public address on foreign policy to the JFK Jr. Forum. He spoke of the importance of America's international role, discussing conflicts in the Middle East, Russia and Asia. He also emphasized the need for a stronger American economy and greater trade. The Forum was moderated by David Ellwood, the Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy and the Dean of the Harvard Kennedy School.

TO WATCH JOE BIDEN SPEECH.............

Notes on a Turkish Conspiracy

How the looming end of a 100-year-old treaty exposes the existential paranoia at the heart of Erdogan’s foreign policy.     

BY Nicholas Danforth    

Foreign Policy - OCTOBER 2, 2014

While American commentators debate whether Turkey will join U.S. President Barack Obama's coalition against the Islamic State, some Turkish pundits are looking ahead to more serious foreign-policy challenges -- like what will happen in 2023 when the Treaty of Lausanne expires and Turkey's modern borders become obsolete. In keeping with secret articles signed by Turkish and British diplomats at a Swiss lakefront resort almost a century ago, British troops will reoccupy forts along the Bosphorus, and the Greek Orthodox patriarch will resurrect a Byzantine ministate within Istanbul's city walls. On the plus side for Turkey, the country will finally be allowed to tap its vast, previously off-limits oil reserves and perhaps regain Western Thrace. So there's that.

Of course, none of this will actually happen. The Treaty of Lausanne has no secret expiration clause. But it's instructive to consider what these conspiracy theories, trafficked on semi-obscure websites and second-rate news shows, reveal about the deeper realities of Turkish foreign policy, especially under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's pro-Islam Justice and Development Party (AKP).

After defeating the Ottoman Empire in World War I, Britain, France, Italy, and Greece divided Anatolia, colonizing the territory that is now Turkey. However, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk reorganized the remnants of the Ottoman army and thwarted this attempted division through shrewd diplomacy and several years of war. Subsequently, the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne recognized Ataturk's victory and established the borders of modern Turkey. Lausanne then became part of the country's foundational myth. For a time it even had its own holiday, Lausanne Day, when children dressed in costumes representing contested regions of Anatolia for elementary school plays.

READ MORE.....

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

IU President McRobbie concludes historic and productive trip to Turkey

Meeting with president of Turkey caps busy week of activities that result in new partnership agreements with nation’s top universities, renewed ties with IU Turkish alumn


BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Indiana University President Michael A. McRobbie concluded the first official visit by a standing IU president to Turkey since 1955, wrapping up a week of productive meetings with educational, business and government leaders, as well as with members of IU’s two Turkish alumni chapters.
On Saturday, Sept. 27, McRobbie met in Istanbul with the recently elected president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Joining them were two of Erdoğan’s three children who are graduates of IU, daughters Esra and Sümeyye.
Esra Erdoğan and her youngest brother, Bilal, both earned bachelor’s degrees from IU Bloomington’s College of Arts and Sciences, while Sümeyye is a graduate of IU’s School of Public and Environmental Affairs. President Erdoğan, who was sworn in as president last month after more than a decade as prime minister, and his wife, Emine, have both visited IU’s Bloomington campus in the past.
Later Saturday evening, McRobbie hosted a reception for IU Turkish alumni, where he presented the Thomas Hart Benton Medallion to IU alumnus Erdal Yildirim, the general manager of the Vehbi Koc Foundation, in recognition of his outstanding accomplishments in nonprofit management and philanthropy over his career in Turkey and around the globe. The Vehbi Koc Foundation, where McRobbie attended a meeting earlier in the week, is one of Turkey’s largest non-governmental charitable organizations. It aims to support the country’s development through grants to support programs in education, healthcare and culture.
The Benton Medallion is given to individuals who have achieved a level of distinction in public office or service and have exemplified the values of IU.
“Few U.S. institutions of higher education have been as historically active and engaged in Turkey as Indiana University,” McRobbie said. “For more than 70 years, IU has been one of the nation’s premier destinations for the study of Turkish and Turkic languages and the history and culture of this dynamic nation that, with its strategic location connecting several regions of the world, will continue to play a vital role in international affairs.
“Our meetings in Istanbul and in Ankara have been extremely productive, positioning us to substantially enhance our already strong presence in Turkey, identify promising new exchange opportunities for our students and faculty to study, teach and conduct research overseas, and reconnect with our many successful Turkish alumni. Our Turkish alumni are exceptional ambassadors for IU through their passion for the university and the major contributions they continue to make to the cultural, economic and political life of modern-day Turkey.”
As a result of the trip, IU formalized new partnership agreements with two of Turkey’s top-ranked universities and strengthened connections to several others. The university also explored opportunities to open a third global gateway office, which would serve as a central location for IU activities in Turkey, including conferences, meetings, receptions, symposia and workshops. (The other two IU gateway facilities are in Beijing and just outside New Delhi.)
On Sept. 23, McRobbie signed a Mevlana agreement with Boğaziçi University of Istanbul. This agreement is part of a Turkish governmental program to provide funding for student and faculty exchanges between Turkey's higher education institutions and their counterparts around world.
In recent years, IU and Boğaziçi University have developed a number of relationships between faculty and research programs in a variety of areas, including anthropology, Turkish studies and philanthropic studies.
On Sept. 25, in Ankara, Turkey’s capital city, McRobbie formalized the university’s partnership with Middle East Technical University by signing an agreement of friendship and cooperation. Since its inception as a state university in 1956, METU, which has more than 24,000 students, has developed into one of Turkey’s most competitive universities, and it is widely recognized as the nation’s leading university in terms of depth and breadth of international ties and the amount of funds generated from international research projects.
While in Ankara, McRobbie visited another IU partner, Ankara University, the first higher education institution founded in the Turkish Republic. Ankara University is a partner in the prestigious Turkish Flagship Program at IU, the only federally funded program in this area.
He also met with senior leaders and faculty at TOBB University of Economics and Technology, a 10-year-old private university and the first university in Turkey to offer cooperative education combining classroom education with practical business experience.
TOBB is Turkey’s highest legal entity representing the private sector, including all local chambers of commerce, industry and maritime, as well as commodity exchanges. Its membership totals 1.4 million companies.
Joining McRobbie on the historic trip were IU Vice President for International Affairs David Zaret and IU first lady Laurie Burns McRobbie.
While in Ankara, McRobbie met with members of Turkey’s national higher education board (YÖK), officials at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and U.S. Consul General Charles F. Hunter to discuss new developments at the university, including its recently established School of Global and International Studies, and the university’s goals for expanding its presence in the country and surrounding region. McRobbie also hosted a reception for IU alumni living and working in the city.
For decades, students and scholars have come to IU from Turkey to pursue educational opportunities and collaborate with IU faculty. Turkey consistently ranks among the top 10 nations of origin among IU's international students, and many IU students continue to engage in overseas study in a country that bridges Europe and Asia and, today, is the major economic, political and military power in the region.
Reports from McRobbie's trip are available at a blog site, IU Goes to Turkey, and through official IU social media channels on Facebook and Twitter.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

A New Book: Emperyalizm ve Türkiye, Barış Doster

Emperyalizm ve Türkiye 
Barış Doster
Kaynak Yayınları
Eylül 2014

Geçtiğimiz yıl yaşamını yitiren Prof. Dr. Alpaslan Işıklı’nın anısına ithaf edilen bu kitapta yukarıdaki sorulara her biri alanlarında uzmanlar tarafından bilimsel bir bakış açısıyla verilmiş cevaplar bulacaksınız.

TÜMÖD Kurucusu ve Genel Başkanı değerli Prof. Dr. Alpaslan Işıklı hocamızın anısına "Emperyalizm ve Türkiye" kitabı çıktı.

Makaleleriyle; Cüneyt Akalın, Ataol Behramoğlu, Korkut Boratav, Barış Doster, Mustafa Gazalcı, Cevat Geray, Turan Karakaş, Suay Karaman, Mustafa Kaymakçı, Mahmut Kiper, Yıldırım Koç, Onur Öymen, Bartu Soral, Serdar Şahinkaya, Tolga Yarman.

• Emperyalizm nedir, kapitalizmin hangi aşamasında ortaya çıkmıştır?
• Sömürgecilikle emperyalizm arasındaki farklar nelerdir?
• Ulusal devlet, emperyalizmle mücadelenin neresinde?
• Ulusal devletin “modası” geçti mi? Lenin’in emperyalizm teorisi bugüne de ışık tutuyor mu?
• Kapitalizmin “serbest rekabet” ilkesine ne oldu?
• Demokrasi, emperyalizmin vahşiliğini perdelemek amacıyla kullandığı bir “söylem” mi?
• 20. yüzyılda devrimler neden kapitalizmin geliştiği Batı ülkelerinde değil de Doğu ülkelerinde gerçekleşti?
• Dünyayı küresel şirketler mi yönetiyor?
• “Sermaye’nin Avrupa’sına” karşı “Emeğin Avrupa”sı?
• Atatürk, emperyalizm için ne ifade ediyor?
• Türkiye’nin 200 yıllık emperyalizmle mücadele tarihi hangi aşamalardan geçti?
• Laiklik ve aydınlanma emperyalizme karşı mücadelede neden gerekli?
• Türkiye ekonomide niçin devletçilik yolunu seçti? Bu bir seçim miydi yoksa zorunluluk muydu?
• Atatürk’ün Sovyet dostluğu politikası niçin terk edildi?
• Atatürk’ten sonra Batı ittifakına yönelen Türkiye bu süreçte neler kazandı ve neler kaybetti?

Friday, September 26, 2014

Cfp: 2nd International Conference on Turkey and Turkish Studies, 29-30 June & 1-2 July 2015, Athens, Greece

Call for Papers and Participation

The Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) will hold its 2nd International Conference on Turkey and Turkish Studies, 29-30 June & 1-2 July 2015. The conference website is http://www.atiner.com/turkey.htm. The aim of the conference is to bring together scholars and students of all areas of Turkish Studies and other related disciplines, including, among others, history, politics & international relations, economics & business, language, linguistics, literature, media and communication, education, etc. You may participate as a panel organizer, presenter of one paper, chair of a session or observer.

For programs of previous conferences and other information, please visit the conference website: http://www.atiner.com/turkey.htm.

Fee structure information is available on http://www.atiner.com/fees.htm

Special arrangements will be made with a local luxury hotel for a limited number of rooms at a special conference rate. In addition, a number of special events will be organized: A Greek night of entertainment with dinner, a special one-day cruise to selected Greek islands, an archaeological tour of Athens and a one-day visit to Delphi. Details of the social program are available at http://www.atiner.com/2015/SOC-TUR.htm
Please submit an abstract (email only) to: atiner@atiner.com, using the abstract submission form available at http://www.atiner.com/2015/FORM-TUR.doc, by the 1st December 2014, to:
Dr. Mert Uydaci, Professor, Marmara University, Turkey & Director, Human Development Research Division, ATINER, 8 Valaoritou Street, Kolonaki, 10671 Athens, Greece. Tel.: + 30 210 363-4210, Fax: + 30 210 3634209.

Please include: Title of Paper, Full Name (s), Current Position, Institutional Affiliation, an email address and at least 3 keywords that best describe the subject of your submission. Please use the abstract submitting form available at http://www.atiner.com/2015/FORM-TUR.doc. Decisions are reached within 4 weeks. If your submission is accepted, you will receive information on registration deadlines and paper submission requirements.

Should you wish to participate in the Conference without presenting a paper, for example, to chair a session, to evaluate papers which are to be included in the conference proceedings or books, to contribute to the editing of a book, or any other contribution, please send an email to Dr. Gregory T. Papanikos, President, ATINER & Honorary Professor, University of Stirling, UK (gregory.papanikos@stir.ac.uk). 

The Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) was established in 1995 as an independent world association of Academics and Researchers. Its mission is to act as a forum where Academics and Researchers from all over the world can meet in Athens, in order to exchange ideas on their research, and to discuss future developments in their disciplines.

Currently, ATINER is upgrading its system of mailing list. Please let us know if you want to receive emails from us. Typically, we will not send you more than 5 email alerts per year.

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

A Conversation with Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Speaker: Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President, Republic of Turkey Presider:

Fareed Zakaria, Host, Fareed Zakaria GPS, CNN

Council on Foreign Relations - September 22, 2014

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, president of Turkey, discusses regional stability, terrorism, and Turkish foreign policy.

TO LISTEN THE INTERVIEW.....

An hour with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkey.

An hour with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkey.

Charlie Rose

http://www.charlierose.com/watch/60449340

Fikret Başkaya ile Korkut Boratav söyleşisi

Ozgur Universite - Çarşamba, 04 Haziran 2014

"Gezi kalkışması, Türkiye toplumunda  geçerli üretim/tüketim/yaşam tarzını reddeden; kamucu, eşitlikçi, sınırsız özgürlükçü (kısacası “komünist”) bir değer sisteminin tohum halinde var olduğunu; yeşermeye hazır olduğunu gösterdi."

Fikret Başkaya: Şimdilerde Türkiye ekonomisiyle ilgili olarak içerde “ orta gelir tuzağına” takılmaktan, dışarda da “eş-dost kapitalizminden” (crony capitalism) çok söz ediliyor. Tuzak kendiliğinden kurulan bir şey olmadığına, her zaman birileri tarafından kurulduğuna göre, siz bu söylem hakkında ne düşünüyorsunuz. Aslında bu “şeyleri adıyla çağırmamak” için yapılan ideolojik bir dalavere değil mi?

Korkut Boratav: İki terminolojik saptırma açısından tamamen sana katılıyorum. “Orta gelir tuzağı”, aslında kaynakları Marksist gelenekte yer alan; ancak, “kalkınma iktisadı” yazınına Arthur Lewis tarafından sokulan bir savın, yeni baştan dolaşıma girmesidir: Kapitalist bir ekonomi, emek rezervlerini tükettiği zaman, sadece sermaye birikim oranı ile sürüklenebilen “yaygın” büyüme biçimini geride bırakır; teknik ve teknolojik ilerlemenin sınırlarında dolaşmaya başlar.

Bu yaklaşımı yeni baştan ve tamamen farklı bir söylemle ortaya atanlar, sözü geçen durumun Türkiye için geçerli olmadığını da farketmiyorlar: Tarım sektöründe istihdam ile milli gelir payları arasındaki astronomik makas; işgücüne katılma oranının “olgun” kapitalist ekonomilerdekine göre 15  puan geride seyretmesi; genç nüfus için bu durumun daha da geri olması, ülkemizde âtıl emek rezervlerinin hâlâ çarpıcı boyutlarda varlığını gösteriyor. Sermaye birikim oranını bir türlü yükseltemeyen; üstelik tasarrufları aşındığı için giderek artan dış bağımlılığa sürüklenen;  bu yüzden  büyüme potansiyeli gerileyen bir durum, “orta gelir tuzağı” söylemiyle kaçınılmaz gösterilmektedir.
“Eş-dost kapitalizmi” ise, yine Marksist yazının önermelerinden birinin yozlaşmış halidir.  Kapitalist devlet, esas olarak  ekonomiye egemen olan sınıfın, yani kapitalistlerin denetimindedir; dolayısıyla devlet aygıtından kaynaklanan tüm kararlar, örneğin iktisat politikaları da ilke olarak burjuvazi tarafından belirlenir. Kapitalizm olgunlaştıkça, sermayenin ortak ve genel çıkarları (toplumsal ve siyasal kısıtlar da dikkate alınarak) belirleyici olur. Kapitalizmin erken aşamalarında, egemen sınıfların  güçlü ve/veya yükselen katmanlarının (toprak oligarşisi, ticari ve sınai burjuvaziler gibi) ağırlığı vardır. Sistemin doğuş, ilkel aşamalarında ise, bir  anlamda  “vahşi Batı” kuralları geçerlidir; örneğin sürü sahiplerinin silah gücü, toprak sahiplerine söz geçirebilir. Marksist sosyal bilimciler bu aşamaları ve süreçleri ülkeler düzleminde ve genel olarak çözümlemişlerdir. Şimdi başta Dünya Bankası olmak üzere neo-liberaller, çevre kapitalizmlerine özgü kimi farklılaşmaları, örneğin Doğu Asya veya Sovyet sisteminin yıkılması sonrasında oluşan (ve bizzat metropol sermayesinin katkı yaptığı) kapkaççı ve/veya ilkel servet biriktirme, el koyma biçimlerini, yeni terimler uydurarak betimlemeye çalışıyorlar.

Fikret Başkaya: Bu günkü durum, 1980’de “24 Ocak Kararlarıyla” benimsenen modelin doğal bir sonucu değil mi? 12 Eylül askeri darbesiyle asıl rotasına oturtulan, işte “dışa açılma”, “ihracat öncülüğünde büyüme” denilen aslında kompradorlaşma tercihi yapmak demek değil miydi? Eğer öyleyse bu günkü tablo kompradorlaşma tercihinin  doğal sonucu değil mi?

Korkut Boratva: Elbette Türkiye’de süreç 24 Ocak 1980’de başladı.  ABD ve İngiltere’deki Reagan-Thatcher dönüşümüyle eş-tarihlidir. Bence artık, kompradorlaşmadan ziyade, sermayenin sınırsız ve kapsamlı tahakkümünü hedefleyen bir karşı saldırıdan söz etmek daha uygundur.  Komprador burjuvazi, genellikle metropol sermayesinin belli öğelerine komisyonculuk yapan bir ilişkiyi içerir. Bugün ise, tekil, hiyerarşik bağıntılar yerine, emperyalizmin tümüne bağımlılık söz konusudur. Emperyalizmin merkezinin kontrolündeki IMF ve DB kurumların yönlendirmeleri, Türkiye gibi ülkeler için belirleyici olmuş; bizim burjuvazilerimiz ise sürece tam destek vermişler; başlangıcına katkı yapmış; sonuçlarına istisnasız teslim olmuşlardır. Kompradorun kendine özgü kimliği bu aşamada bu özellik tarihe karışmış; kesin bir teslimiyet söz konusudur.

READ MORE.....

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Indiana University Goes to Turkey

History, heritage and culture in Istanbul 

Indiana University Press - September 23rd, 2014

To look out at the beautiful and busy Bosphorus strait here in the transcontinental city of Istanbul, Turkey’s largest city, is to be simply awestruck by the convergence of centuries upon centuries of history, heritage and culture.

For nearly 16 centuries in fact, this city, which straddles Europe and Asia, served as the epicenter of four empires: the Roman Empire (330-395), the Byzantine Empire (395-1204, 1261-1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261) and the Ottoman Empire (1453-1922). Today, Istanbul is a buzzing, modern metropolis, its marvelously eclectic skyline dotted by mosques, cathedrals, towers and other historic structures, its bustling, hilly roads lined with cafes, restaurants, shops, street vendors and countless stray, but seemingly satisfied, cats.

It’s easy to see why the cats aren’t clawing to get out: Thus far, we’ve only been in this breathtaking city a day, and already it feels as if we’ve arrived at the center of this most important part of the world.

IU’s impact in Turkey
Indiana University’s connection to the historical and economic hub that is Turkey dates back more than 70 years. Currently, IU serves as the leading center in the U.S. for the study of Ottoman and modern Turkish language; is considered to be among the nation’s premier programs for the broader study of Turkish culture and history; and features the prestigious Turkish Flagship Center, the only federally funded program in this area.

READ MORE.....

Arif Dirlik Talk - Crisis and Criticism: The Predicament of Global Modernity


Monday, September 22, 2014

Düşüncesi şahsi damgasını taşıyan bir entelektüel: Sencer Divitçioğlu

Star - 20 Eylul, 2014

Solun içinde olup da eleştirel bakanlar arasında yazdıkları üzerinde en az durulan entelektüel Sencer Divitçioğlu’dur. Divitçioğlu’nun, yakın olduğu entelektüellerden daha az önemsenmesi, siyasetten uzak olmasından ve ufkunun evrensel bilgiye daha açık olmasından kaynaklanıyor. Aslında ikinci anlamda frekansı günümüzün okuryazarlarına daha uygun.

Prof. Dr. Kurtuluş Kayalı Ankara Üniversitesi
Bu topraklar çok mümbit. Bu coğrafya çok bereketli. 1900’lü, 1910’lu, 1920’li, 1930’lu yıllar doğumlu çok ciddi entelektüeller yetişmiş. Bunlar da düşünce dünyaları birbirine benzer, birbirleriyle özdeş entelektüeller değil. Çoğunun da ufku evrensele açık ve Türkiye’nin tarihten de gelen sorunlarını derinlemesine tahlil eden entelektüeller. Bunların geldiği toplumsal katmanlar da birbirinize benzer değil. İlginç olan şey, bu coğrafyanın yerlisi olan bazılarının yolu bir dönem Türkiye’nin Batıya açılan penceresi olan Galatasaray’dan geçiyor olması. Kemal Tahir, Lütfi Akad ve Şerif Mardin gibi... Aynı zamanda paşazadeler, üst gelir grubundan gelenler bu toplumun kaderiyle, ruhuyla zaman zaman çok sıkı bağlar kurabiliyorlar. Mesela doğru ya da yanlış biçimde bu topluma benzer şekilde baktığı düşünülen Sencer Divitçioğlu ve İdris Küçükömer’in geldiği toplumsal katmanlar farklı. Bu tarz düşün adamları genellikle herhangi bir grubun içinde ya da herhangi bir entelektüelle bağımlı düşün adamları değil. Çoğunun, neredeyse tamamının yazdıklarında kendi düşüncelerinin şahsi damgası var. Bu tarz insanlar, bu zamanlaması belirtilen tarihten sonra nispeten değil oldukça azaldı. Daha sonraki yılların entelektüelleri, aydınları, bir tek entelektüelden başka entelektüel tanımadıkları, tabiri caizse kargadan başka kuş tanımadıkları için Türk entelektüel hayatı olduğundan çok daha zayıf olarak biliyor. Çoğu kişi Türk düşüncesi diye bir şey mi var, diye soruyor. İşte Sencer Divitçioğlu bu yitip giden entelektüel kuşakların belki de son temsilcisi. Hem de düşünceleri üzerine en az durulanlardan biri. Neredeyse yaşarken yitip gitmiş olanlardan biri.

READ MORE.....

Friday, September 5, 2014

Senior Fellow, Turkish Affair - The Foundation for Defense of Democracies

The Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) seeks to hire a senior Turkey analyst to anchor a new Turkey program.  

Qualifications include:     
Minimum 10 years of experience in the political, policy, and/or NGO space    
Masters degree or higher    
Advanced written and spoken Turkish    
Strong communication skills    
Strong writing skills    
Ability to manage a small team    
Ability to think creatively and independently 

This position will answer directly to FDD’s vice president for research.  FDD is a nonprofit and nonpartisan national security and foreign policy institute devoted to independent research in the defense of free nations against their enemies. Founded in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States, FDD uniquely combines policy research, counterterrorism and democracy education, strategic communications, and investigative journalism to pursue the goal of a more secure future for America and her allies.  Interested applicants are encouraged submit a cover letter and CV to research@defenddemocracy.org. No phone calls, please. Salary commensurate with experience.

FOR MORE INFORMATION....

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Lecture: "Turkish Foreign Policy and the Islamic State," a talk by Dr. Chris Kilford - Simon Fraser University

"Turkish Foreign Policy and the Islamic State," a talk by Dr. Chris Kilford, September 9, 11:30 AM
The CIC Vancouver Branch presents

Western governments, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have much to answer for regarding the rise of the Islamic State.  However, a good deal of the responsibility rests with the Turkish government and its support to Syrian opposition forces, which have become increasingly radicalised.  During his talk, Dr. Chris Kilford will discuss Turkish foreign policy in the region and recent events in Syria and Iraq.  
Dr. Kilford is the former Canadian Defence Attaché to Turkey. He retired from the Canadian Armed Forces in August 2014. During the last three years he was responsible for military relations between Canada and Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. In this role, he observed and reported on numerous conflict and post-conflict issues in the region and conducted many visits to the Turkish-Syrian border where he met with members from the Syrian opposition. As a result of these and other assignments, he possesses extensive professional experience working in many complex conflict and post-conflict environments.
Today, Dr. Kilford is a Fellow with the Centre for International and Defence Policy at Queen's University. His research is focused on civil-military relations in Turkey and Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East. He also recently joined Today's Zaman, Turkey's leading English langauge newspaper, as a columnist.
When:    September 9, Tuesday, 11:30 am - 2 pm
Where:   Law Courts Inn
                800 Smithe Street, Vancouver

$30 for CIC Member, $20 for CIC Student Member and $40 for Non-Member. Ticket sales end on September 8th. For more information and to purchase tickets, click here.

Friday, August 29, 2014

Turkey, Davutoglu and the Idea of Pan-Islamism

Behlül Ozkan

Survival: Global Politics and Strategy August–September 2014
  
Over the past decade, Turkey’s foreign policy has been synonymous with Ahmet Davutoglu and his doctrine of ‘stratejik derinlik’ (strategic depth). In 2010–11 he was on Foreign Policy’s list of the ‘Top 100 Global Thinkers’. Yet, despite this popular interest in Davutoglu, there are few academic studies of his foreign policy. He devised Turkey’s current, pan-Islamist approach in his work as an academic during 1986–2002, detailing his vision in hundreds of articles published in that period. Davutoglu consistently argued that the end of the Cold War provided Turkey with a historic opportunity to become a global power, as long as it followed an expansionist foreign policy based on Islamist ideology. According to Davutoglu, Turkey was to dominate its hinterland – the Middle East, the Balkans and the Caucasus – and thereby create a new Lebensraum (he uses the Turkish words ‘hayat alani’, which is a direct translation of the German Lebensraum, or ‘living space’). He began to turn his pan-Islamist vision into reality after 2002, following his appointment as foreign-policy adviser to the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), a position he held until he was made foreign minister in 2009.
Turkish foreign policy has had a troubled relationship with Islamist politics since 1970, the year in which Necmettin Erbakan established the Milli Nizam Partisi (National Order Party), the first Islamist party in the history of modern Turkey. At the time, Erbakan criticised other mainstream parties for striving to be part of the ‘Western club’, and opposed close links with Europe, instead idealising his country as a part of a future ‘Islamic Common Market’. Islamist intellectual Necip Fazil Kisakürek similarly imagined Turkey as the leader of an awakening Islamic world. Sezai Karakoç, an influential poet and thinker, claimed that the political borders of existing nation-states caused the partitioning of the ummah (Islamic community); in his view, a ‘Great Islamic Federation’ ought to be established in place of ‘artificial’ nation-states. These claims remained rhetorical, however, and were not taken seriously by Turkish elites, as Islamist politicians and intellectuals did not provide a feasible strategy for realising their ambitions. Erbakan’s Refah Partisi (Welfare Party) led Turkey’s 1995 elections (with 21% of the vote) by promising a ‘just order’ as a way out of the country’s political and economic crisis, but failed to deliver an equally appealing foreign-policy vision. Indeed, appointed in 1996 as the first Islamist prime minister of Turkey, Erbakan was unable to make significant changes to the country’s pro-Western foreign policy. Not only were the Islamist elites unskilled in diplomacy and unable to offer a credible alternative to Western orientation, they also had to contend with the long-standing domination of foreign policy by the country’s army and bureaucracy.

READ MORE....

Turkey’s Imperial Fantasy

By BEHLUL OZKAN

The New York Times - AUG. 28, 2014

In the late 1990s, as Turkey was reeling from various political and economic crises, there was a nationwide debate over European Union membership and whether Turkish accession to the union would solve the country’s problems.
Back then, I was a graduate student in International Relations at Marmara University. Among the professors in my department, there was only one who opposed Turkey’s integration with the West. He was a distinguished scholar of Islamic and Western political philosophy, and a genial figure who enjoyed spending hours conversing with his students. In his lectures, this professor argued that Turkey would soon emerge as the leader of the Islamic world by taking advantage of its proud heritage and geographical potential.
Now, 14 years later, that professor, Ahmet Davutoglu, has been named Turkey’s new prime minister.
Mr. Davutoglu’s classroom pronouncements often sounded more like fairy tales than political analysis. He cited the historical precedents of Britain, which created a global empire in the aftermath of its 17th-century civil war, and Germany, a fragmented nation which became a global power following its 19th-century unification. Mr. Davutoglu was confident that his vision could transform what was then an inflation-battered nation, nearly torn apart by a war with Kurdish separatists, into a global power.

READ MORE....

A Content Analysis of the AKP's “Honorable” Foreign Policy Discourse: The Nexus of Domestic–International Politics

Ugur Cevdet Panayircia and Emre Iseri

Turkish Studies Volume 15, Issue 1, 2014  

This article examines political leaders' framing strategies during times of public diplomacy crisis. By focusing on the nexus of domestic–international politics, it argues that during public diplomacy crises, policy-makers would like to utilize their speech acts on foreign policy issues to manage expectations of domestic public opinion. This paper's main contention is to demonstrate that the head of AKP (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) government, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, has instrumentalized his foreign policy speeches with the label of “honorable” to legitimize AKP's practices at the domestic level.

READ MORE....

The truth behind the "Turkish model"

Ayse Bugra

Open Democracy - 25 August 2014

With former Prime Minister Erdoğan now firmly installed as President and promising a new Turkey, it is time to take a fresh look at the direction in which the country's political economy is headed. For over a decade, international media and many academic researchers have presented the “Turkish model” under the “moderately Islamic” Justice and Development Party (AKP) as a success story of economic development and political democracy in a Muslim country - made all the more attractive in an international environment dominated by the fear of radical Islam.
Since 2013, especially after the massive nationwide protests in the summer of that year, this enthusiasm has left its place to more critical appraisals. The media coverage of the country is now dominated by statements of concern about the state of the economy  -  and the increasingly authoritarian character of the regime. The praise, where it still persists, now has a different character. The Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban, for example, recently pointed to Turkey (along with Singapore, China, India and Russia) to argue that non-Western countries which are not liberal democracies and “in some cases probably not even democracies” can be highly successful in the global race. However, Orban’s favourable assessment of Turkey’s performance as a global actor was preceded by several alarming accounts of the economy’s weaknesses, such as a huge current account deficit and the very high ratio of short term debt to the GNP.

READ MORE.....

Monday, August 18, 2014

Sociology of Islam Social Gathering (August 20th) at the Fourth World Congress for Middle East Studies” (WOCMES), METU, Ankara, Turkey

Dear all,

Some of you will be attending the Fourth World Congress for Middle East Studies” (WOCMES), METU, in Ankara, Turkey August 18-22, 2014. Please be advised that we, the Sociology of Islam Journal and mailing list will host a social gathering on Wednesday, AUGUST 20, 2014, in Ankara, Turkey. You are all invited to attend this social gathering. Please do not hesitate to bring your friends and colleagues.

DATE AND TIME:
Wednesday, AUGUST 20, 2014
7:30 PM – 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: 
Swiss Hotel
The Ambassador Cafe
Yildizevler Mahallesi, Jose Marti Caddesi No: 2 ▪ Ankara 06550 ▪ Turkey

Please do not forget to attend our panels : http://sociologyofturkey.blogspot.com.tr/2014/07/post-islamism-in-turkey-panels-at.html

If you have any questions, you can contact me directly by email or phone: 0533-607-8465

We hope to see you in Ankara at the conference.

Best to all,

--
Tugrul Keskin

Assistant Professor of International and Middle Eastern Studies
Affiliated Faculty of Black Studies
Sociology and Center for Turkish Studies
Middle East Studies Coordinator (INTL)
Portland State University

Editor of Sociology of Islam Journal (Brill)
Region Editor of Critical Sociology (Middle East and North Africa)
Book Review Editor of Societies Without Borders
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